How to prevent your dear one from committing suicide?
Dr. Nazifa Nikhat
অ+ অ-প্রিন্ট
Suicide is a major public health problem now-a-days. The effects of suicide go beyond the person who acts to take his or her life: it can have a lasting effect on family, friends, and communities. According to WHO (World Health Organization) close to 800 000 people die due to suicide every year, which is one person every 40seconds. Many more attempt suicide. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds globally.

The rate of suicides is sharply increasing in Bangladesh, according to data from Police Headquarters. In 2017, 11,095 people committed suicide in Bangladesh, which means, on an average, 30 people kill themselves every day. Experts warn that the rate of suicide might increase even more.

Why does someone consider suicide?

The following risk factors may have an impact on the probability of someone experiencing suicidal thoughts:

*    family history of mental health issues, substance abuse, violence, suicide

*    feeling of hopelessnessor loneliness

*    no family support

*    being in trouble with the law

*    being under the influence of alcohol or drugs

*    having a mental illness

*    having attempted suicide before

*    being prone to reckless or impulsive behavior

*    sleep deprivation

*    being associated with someone who has committed suicide

Dr. Nazifa Nikhat MBBS, AKMMC MPH (Ongoing), BSMMU

Dr. Nazifa Nikhat MBBS, AKMMC MPH (Ongoing), BSMMU

 

Possible signs that someone might be thinking about suicide

A person who is experiencing or could experience suicidal thought may show the following signs or symptoms:

*    feeling trapped, hopeless or intolerable emotional pain

*    having mood swings

*    talking about revenge, guilt, shame or being a burden to others

*    being agitated, or in a heightened state of anxiety

*    experiencing changes in personality, routine, or sleeping patterns

*    consuming drugs or more alcohol than usual, or starting drinking when they had not previously done so

*    engaging in risky behavior, such as driving carelessly or taking drugs

*    experiencing depression, impaired concentration

*    increased isolation

*    saying goodbye to others as if it were the last time

*    talking about suicide or dying

A significant number of people with suicidal ideation keep their thoughts and feelings a secret and show no signs that anything is wrong.

What we can do to prevent suicide

A suicidal person may not ask for help, but that doesn't mean that help isn't wanted. Take all suicidal signs seriously. Your involvement and support may help save a life.

Reach Out: Ask them directly if they are thinking about suicide. It needs to be a direct question that can't be misinterpreted.

Listen to them: Allow them to express their feelings. They will often feel a great sense of relief someone wants to talk to them about their darkest thoughts.

Check their safety: If you are really worried don't leave them alone. Remove any means of suicide including weapons, medications, drugs, alcohol, even access to a car. You can also take them to the local hospital emergency department.

Decide what to do and take action: Talk about steps you can take together to keep them safe. You may need help from someone else to persuade them to get help. 

Ask for a promise: Thoughts of suicide may return, so ask them to promise to reach out and tell someone. Asking them to promise makes it more likely they will tell someone.

 Get help: There are lots of services and people that can help and provide assistance; like doctor, psychologist, social worker, seek support from family and friends, youth group leader.

Treatment

Suicidal thoughts can be a symptom of a mental health problem, such as depression or bipolar disorder.

A significant number of mental health problems, including depression, can be successfully treated or managed with medications andcounseling.It is important to seek treatment if you or a loved one is experiencing mental health problems.

Once treatment starts, it is important to follow the treatment plan, attending follow-up appointments, taking medications as instructed, and so on.

       

 

18 Jul, 2018 11:04:39